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Episode 3 of Bird’s-eye China: Heilongjiang, the northernmost province
 
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CCTV's groundbreaking documentary series, "Bird’s-eye China", is the first Chinese program to have been produced using drone technology. Each episode in the series celebrates the history, culture and natural beauty of a different area of China. Spanning 34 vastly different provinces and regions, this series is the most difficult and expensive documentary that CCTV has ever produced. Join us in this unique journey across the sky, as CGTN looks at the best of China’s breathtaking scenery. Where China reaches its northernmost point, lies Heilongjiang province. The Greater and Lesser Khingan Mountains are covered by an ocean of trees. The Heilongjiang River waters two vast alluvial plains, helping to make the province “China’s largest granary.” Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Watch CGTN Live: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L2-Aq7f_BwE Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 39330 CGTN
The Chinese military is putting a little-used aircraft concept to work
 
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The Chinese military is putting a little-used aircraft concept to work. Looking like something out of the classic James Bond film You Only Live Twice, the Hunting Eagle gyrocopter is going into People's Liberation Army service.
Views: 473 New Update Military
How to Identify International Markets for Your Products
 
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In this webinar, you will learn where to find and analyze key information and how to customize it for your own products and business. You will also learn an analytical framework for evaluating your product or service in potential markets. You will learn what questions to ask in adapting your product for consumers from different cultural backgrounds and will find customized valuable information on export.gov and other sources. For more information, visit http://export.gov/webinars/eg_main_024461.asp October 13, 2010
TỰ HỌC TIẾNG TRUNG QUỐC ONLINE - Tổng hợp đề thi HSK 5 (hanyu shuiping kaoshi)
 
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Đăng ký học online tại đây: https://goo.gl/PgcmRf ĐĂNG KÝ KÊNH ĐỂ HỌC TIẾNG TRUNG ONLINE MIỄN PHÍ NGAY: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqhXS5FQfMVA7xYgpE2mc-g Đề thi HSK 5 số 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irNbwUgIsqY&t=15s Đề thi HSK 5 số 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWH8HuLKmjE&t=2s Đề thi HSK 5 số 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-hAO8yZTfo Đề thi HSK 5 số 4: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YBagBZ_A3Q Đề thi HSK 5 số 5:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NC_pqw94vJw Đề thi HSK 5 số 6: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PzS-E5Gp--Y #nguyenhuuduong
"China mode" near Suez Canal: Industrial park helps boost win-win cooperation
 
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"China mode" near Suez Canal: China-Egypt industrial park helps boost win-win cooperation. Xinhua visits the economic zone east of Cairo and speaks to executives about how China's #BeltandRoad initiative plays a part in spurring regional growth.
Views: 1829 New China TV
Cameron says Britain will stay if EU is more flexible
 
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The European Union needs to be more flexible if it is to persuade the British people to vote to stay in the bloc during a referendum due by the end of 2017, Prime Minister David Cameron said on Monday at the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) annual conference in London. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/user/CCTVNEWSbeijing Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 581 CGTN
Chinese Protest Losses Tied to U.S. `Reverse Mergers'
 
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Aug. 19 (Bloomberg) -- Bloomberg's Margaret Conley reports from Xi'an, China, on mainland investors who are protesting after losing their life savings on investments in companies aiming for listings in the U.S. At least 16 firms based in Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province in the nation's northwest, joined more than 400 Chinese businesses that gained stock-market listings in North America by buying public shell companies, a strategy known as a reverse merger that avoids the scrutiny of an initial public offering. (Source: Bloomberg)
Views: 268 Bloomberg
【ENG SUB FULL】Keep Running EP.5 20170512 [ ZhejiangTV HD1080P ]
 
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【Subscribe NOW】 Zhejiang TV Keep Running Official YouTube Channel:http://bitly.com/runningmanchina 【Like us】- Keep Running Official Facebook Page-https://www.facebook.com/RunningmanChinaOfficial - ZhejiangTV Official Facebook Page -https://www.facebook.com/ZhejiangTV 【Watch More】- Keep Running ENGSUB:http://bit.ly/2pzT9P3 - Keep Running Full:http://bit.ly/2oZuarH 【ENG SUB FULL】Keep Running EP.5 20170512 [ ZhejiangTV HD1080P ] Keep Running was originally classified as an "urban action variety"; a genre of variety shows in an urban environment. The MCs and guests complete missions at a landmark to win the race. The show has since shifted to a more familiar reality-variety show concept focused on game show games. The new season original cast members are Lu Han, Dilraba, Deng Chao, Zheng Kai, Jerry Lee, Wong Cho Lam, Chen He. More Shows: ★ZhejiangTV Running Man China S4 Full-episode Playlist:http://bit.ly/1qfn8LL ★ZhejiangTV Running Man China S3 Full-episode Playlist:http://bit.ly/1T6UOXq ★ZhejiangTV Running Man China S2 Full-episode Playlist:https://goo.gl/eKPDxx ★ZhejiangTV Running Man China S1 Full-episode Playlist:https://goo.gl/75y4NJ
XI JINPING - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Xi Jinping is a Chinese politician currently serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission. As Xi holds the top offices of the party, the state, and the military, he is sometimes referred to as China's "paramount leader"; in 2016, the party officially gave him the title of "core" leader. As General Secretary, Xi holds an ex-officio seat on the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, China's top decision-making body. Xi Jinping is the first General Secretary to have been born after the Second World War. The son of Chinese Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, Xi rose through the ranks politically in China's coastal provinces. Xi was governor of Fujian from 1999 to 2002, and governor, then party secretary of neighboring Zhejiang province from 2002 to 2007. Following the dismissal of Chen Liangyu, Xi was transferred to Shanghai as party secretary for a brief period... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:12 Early life and education 00:06:35 Rise to power 00:10:26 Politburo Standing Committee member ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi_Jinping
Royal Dutch Shell | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Dutch_Shell 00:03:27 1 History 00:03:35 1.1 Origins 00:05:35 1.2 20th century 00:08:06 1.3 21st century 00:12:36 1.4 Environmental record 00:15:16 1.5 Climate change 00:15:39 2 Corporate affairs 00:15:48 2.1 Finances 00:16:12 2.2 Management 00:17:16 2.3 Name and logo 00:18:57 2.3.1 Logo evolution 00:19:05 3 Operations 00:19:14 3.1 Business groupings 00:20:41 3.2 Oil and gas activities 00:22:58 3.3 Sponsorships 00:24:08 4 Africa 00:25:40 5 Asia 00:25:49 5.1 Mainland China 00:26:46 5.2 Hong Kong 00:27:15 5.3 Malaysia 00:27:45 5.4 Philippines 00:29:07 5.5 Singapore 00:29:39 6 Europe 00:29:47 6.1 Ireland 00:30:46 6.2 Nordic countries 00:31:51 6.3 United Kingdom 00:32:18 7 North America 00:33:04 8 Australia 00:36:43 9 Alternative energy 00:38:31 10 Current projects 00:38:41 10.1 Arctic 00:42:38 11 Controversies 00:42:47 11.1 Brent Spar platform 00:43:31 11.2 2004 overstatement of oil reserves 00:44:05 11.3 Corporate communications 00:44:39 11.4 Health and safety 00:45:03 11.5 Human rights 00:47:18 11.6 Arctic project 00:47:39 11.6.1 Kodiak 00:50:38 11.6.2 Polar Pioneer 00:52:03 11.6.3 Oil spills 00:52:48 11.7 Paradise Papers 00:53:33 11.8 Nigeria corruption scandals 00:54:36 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.72981040887841 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Royal Dutch Shell plc (LSE: RDSA, RDSB), commonly known as Shell, is a British-Dutch oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom. It is one of the six oil and gas "supermajors" and the sixth-largest company in the world measured by 2016 revenues (and the largest based in Europe). Shell was first in the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies; in that year its revenues were equivalent to 84% of the Dutch national $556 billion GDP.Shell is vertically integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, transport, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It also has renewable energy activities, including in biofuels, wind and hydrogen. Shell has operations in over 70 countries, produces around 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent per day and has 44,000 service stations worldwide. As of 31 December 2014, Shell had total proved reserves of 13.7 billion barrels (2.18×109 m3) of oil equivalent. Shell Oil Company, its principal subsidiary in the United States, is one of its largest businesses. Shell holds 50% of Raízen, a joint venture with Cosan, which is the third-largest Brazil-based energy company by revenues and a major producer of ethanol.Shell was formed in 1907 through the amalgamation of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company of the Netherlands and the "Shell" Transport and Trading Company of the United Kingdom. Until its unification in 2005 the firm operated as a dual-listed company, whereby the British and Dutch companies maintained their legal existence but operated as a single-unit partnership for business purposes. Shell first entered the chemicals industry in 1929. In 1970 Shell acquired the mining company Billiton, which it subsequently sold in 1994 and now forms part of BHP Billiton. In recent decades gas exploration and production has become an increasingly important part of Shell's business. Shell acquired BG Group in 2016, making it the world's largest producer of liquefied natural gas (LNG).Shell has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It had a market capitalisation of £185 billion at the close of trading on 30 December 2016, by far the largest of any company listed on the London Stock Exchange and among the highest of any company in the world. It has secondary listings on Euronext Amsterdam and the New York Stock Exchange. As of January 2013, Shell's largest shareholder was C ...
Views: 12 wikipedia tts
Xi Jinping | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Xi Jinping 00:03:37 1 Early life and education 00:06:49 2 Rise to power 00:10:30 3 Politburo Standing Committee member 00:13:18 3.1 Trips as Vice President and Mexico commentary incident 00:15:35 3.2 Disappearance 00:16:22 4 Leadership 00:16:31 4.1 Accession to top posts 00:20:09 4.2 Announcing reforms 00:22:25 4.3 Anti-corruption campaign 00:24:35 4.4 Consolidation of power 00:27:47 4.4.1 Cult of personality 00:28:25 4.5 Legal reforms 00:29:35 4.6 Foreign trips as President 00:33:29 4.7 Cultural revival 00:34:36 4.8 Removal of term limits 00:35:57 5 Political positions 00:36:06 5.1 Chinese Dream 00:37:49 5.2 Xi Jinping Thought 00:39:35 5.3 Foreign policy 00:43:56 5.4 Role of the Communist Party 00:45:56 5.5 Censorship 00:48:40 5.6 Taiwan 00:49:22 6 Personal life 00:52:00 7 Honours 00:53:42 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Xi Jinping (; Chinese: 习近平; Mandarin: [ɕǐ tɕîn.pʰǐŋ]; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), president of the People's Republic of China, and chairman of the Central Military Commission. Often described as China's "paramount leader", in 2016 the CPC officially gave him the title of "core leader". As general secretary, Xi holds an ex-officio seat on the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, China's top decision-making body.Xi is the first general secretary born after the Second World War and the establishment of the People's Republic of China. The son of Chinese Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, he was exiled to rural Yanchuan County as a teenager following his father's purge during the Cultural Revolution, and lived in a cave in the village of Liangjiahe, where he organised communal labourers. After studying at the Tsinghua University as a "Worker-Peasant-Soldier Student", Xi rose through the ranks politically in China's coastal provinces. Xi was governor of Fujian province from 1999 to 2002, and governor, then party secretary of neighbouring Zhejiang province from 2002 to 2007. Following the dismissal of Chen Liangyu, Xi was transferred to Shanghai as party secretary for a brief period in 2007. He joined the Politburo Standing Committee and central secretariat in October 2007, spending the next five years as Hu Jintao's presumed successor. Xi was vice president from 2008 to 2013 and vice chairman of the Central Military Commission from 2010 to 2012. Since assuming power, Xi has introduced far-ranging measures to enforce party discipline and to ensure internal unity. His signature anti-corruption campaign has led to the downfall of prominent incumbent and retired Communist Party officials, including members of the Politburo Standing Committee. Described as a Chinese nationalist, he has tightened restrictions over civil society and ideological discourse, advocating Internet censorship in China as the concept of "internet sovereignty". Xi has called for further socialist market economic reforms, for governing according to the law and for strengthening legal institutions, with an emphasis on individual and national aspirations under the slogan "Chinese Dream". He has also championed a more assertive foreign policy, particularly with regard to China–Japan relations, China's claims in the South China Sea, and its role as a leading advocate of free trade and globalization. Xi has sought to expand China's Eurasian influence through the One Belt One Road Initiative. The 2015 meeting between Xi and Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou marked the first time the political leaders of both sides of the Taiwan Strait have met since the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1950.Considered the central figure of the fifth generation of leadership of the People's Republic, Xi has significantly centralised institutional power by taking on a wide range of leadership positions, including chairing the newly formed National Security Commission, as well as new steering committees on economic and socia ...
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
THE NEW YOU CELEBRATION PARTY
 
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New You Magazine Release Producer Renee Knorr Director of Special Events From the FABULOUS Washington Estates, Mike Goodall of Select Luxury Cars; Toni Friday, Cheryl Adams and Les R. Roberts Art-Tech Designs; Clifton Camp of MarketingCamp LLC; Miss Jessie's Swag Bags. Ms Laurie Sosso of Southern Barter Club with Imperial Fez Mediterranean delectable bites, Jumptastic Tents, DJ duo of Lorie O'Brien and her husband; Opies Cupcakes; Chevon Hines Volunteer Coordinator and Cathy Cunningham Hankinson and her team. Amercian Laser Skincare, Sweet Spot Apparel \ Dentist Spa Rental, Rooster's Men's Grooming Center and Creme of De'cor; live entertainment from the LIVE Photo Shoot, great performers American Pop pianist Hanna Anderson (age 19) and Country Acoustic Guitarist Krysta Nick (age 15)! The fashion show designers Jaki Brown Couture, V by Rob Bennett and Wendy Pierre Quantum3.Philip Michael PR Michael Bryant and a Special guest, VIP Luxury SWAG Bag Sponsors Buglari, Cole Haan, Select Luxury Cars and Miss Jessie's; Persian Designer Rug by Shariar Hateef; The Specialist, MAJOR MINDZ,My Beauti Network, and Media support OSBO, WXRP, CABU, and others...THANK YOU!! The Fierce Models: Wendy Pierre Quantum3 Collection Tila Grant; Rob Bennett Models:Females:Tequila, Allison, Melissa, Jillian, Amy, Jaime, Kristin, Males:Izhtaak, Ken, Tesh Jaki Brown Models:Tiffanii Smith, Valencia Walker, Eva Roxy, Sydney Turpin, Olay Noel, Raye Monroe, Nefertiti Setay, Janee Knorr, Anna Johnson, Evangel Sinkler, Kailee Lewis ( child) and Louee and Fendi Bernard ( doggies) and Jaki's Make Up Artist and Hair Team Event Photographers: Libby Forrester, Faith Swift Photography, Keith Miller, Kerry Beech Live Photo Shoot Photographer Boom Vong IF YOU WANT TO BOOK MAJOR MINDZ MEDIA FOR YOUR NEXT EVENT CALL 404-732-3443 AND ASK FOR MAJOR
Views: 13580 majormindzvideos
Xinhai Revolution | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Xinhai Revolution Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Xinhai Revolution (Chinese: 辛亥革命; pinyin: Xīnhài Gémìng), also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911, was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty) and established the Republic of China (ROC). The revolution was named Xinhai (Hsin-hai) because it occurred in 1911, the year of the Xinhai (辛亥; "metal pig") stem-branch in the sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar.The revolution consisted of many revolts and uprisings. The turning point was the Wuchang uprising on 10 October 1911, which was the result of the mishandling of the Railway Protection Movement. The revolution ended with the abdication of the six-year-old Last Emperor, Puyi, on 12 February 1912, that marked the end of 2,000 years of imperial rule and the beginning of China's early republican era. The revolution arose mainly in response to the decline of the Qing state, which had proven ineffective in its efforts to modernize China and confront foreign aggression. Many underground anti-Qing groups, with the support of Chinese revolutionaries in exile, tried to overthrow the Qing. The brief civil war that ensued was ended through a political compromise between Yuan Shikai, the late Qing military strongman, and Sun Yat-sen, the leader of the Tongmenghui (United League). After the Qing court transferred power to the newly founded republic, a provisional coalition government was created along with the National Assembly. However, political power of the new national government in Beijing was soon thereafter monopolized by Yuan and led to decades of political division and warlordism, including several attempts at imperial restoration. The Republic of China in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China on the mainland both consider themselves the legitimate successors to the Xinhai Revolution and honor the ideals of the revolution including nationalism, republicanism, modernization of China and national unity. 10 October is commemorated in Taiwan as Double Ten Day, the National Day of the ROC. In mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau, the day is celebrated as the Anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution.
Views: 46 wikipedia tts
Qing Dynasty | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Qing Dynasty Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of Liaodong and declared a new dynasty, the Qing. In 1644, peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng conquered the Ming capital, Beijing. Rather than serve them, Ming general Wu Sangui made an alliance with the Manchus and opened the Shanhai Pass to the Banner Armies led by the regent Prince Dorgon, who defeated the rebels and seized the capital. Resistance from the Southern Ming and the Revolt of the Three Feudatories led by Wu Sangui delayed the Qing conquest of China proper by nearly four decades. The conquest was only completed in 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor reign (1661–1722). The Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor from the 1750s to the 1790s extended Qing control into Inner Asia. The early Qing rulers maintained their Manchu customs, and while their title was Emperor, they used "Bogd khaan" when dealing with the Mongols and they were patrons of Tibetan Buddhism. They governed using Confucian styles and institutions of bureaucratic government and retained the imperial examinations to recruit Han Chinese to work under or in parallel with Manchus. They also adapted the ideals of the tributary system in dealing with neighboring territories. During the Qianlong Emperor reign (1735–1796) the dynasty reached its apogee, but then began its initial decline in prosperity and imperial control. The population rose to some 400 millions, but taxes and government revenues were fixed at a low rate, virtually guaranteeing eventual fiscal crisis. Corruption set in, rebels tested government legitimacy, and ruling elites failed to change their mindsets in the face of changes in the world system. Following the Opium Wars, European powers imposed "unequal treaties", free trade, extraterritoriality and treaty ports under foreign control. The Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864) and the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) in Central Asia led to the deaths of some 20 million people, most of them due to famines caused by war. In spite of these disasters, in the Tongzhi Restoration of the 1860s, Han Chinese elites rallied to the defense of the Confucian order and the Qing rulers. The initial gains in the Self-Strengthening Movement were destroyed in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, in which the Qing lost its influence over Korea and the possession of Taiwan. New Armies were organized, but the ambitious Hundred Days' Reform of 1898 was turned back in a coup by the conservative Empress Dowager Cixi. When the Scramble for Concessions by foreign powers triggered the violently anti-foreign "Boxers", the foreign powers invaded China, Cixi declared war on them, leading to defeat and the flight of the Imperial Court to Xi'an. After agreeing to sign the Boxer Protocol, the government initiated unprecedented fiscal and administrative reforms, including elections, a new legal code, and abolition of the examination system. Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries competed with constitutional monarchists such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao to transform the Qing Empire into a modern nation. After the deaths of Cixi and the Guangxu Emperor in 1908, the hardline Manchu court alienated reformers and local elites alike by obstructing social reform. The Wuchang Uprisi ...
Views: 88 wikipedia tts
Han dynasty | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Han dynasty Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Han dynasty (; Chinese: 漢朝; pinyin: Hàn cháo) was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior and vassal partner, but continued their military raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eu ...
Views: 49 wikipedia tts
Qing dynasty | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Qing dynasty Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of Liaodong and declared a new dynasty, the Qing. In 1644, peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng conquered the Ming capital, Beijing. Rather than serve them, Ming general Wu Sangui made an alliance with the Manchus and opened the Shanhai Pass to the Banner Armies led by the regent Prince Dorgon, who defeated the rebels and seized the capital. Resistance from the Southern Ming and the Revolt of the Three Feudatories led by Wu Sangui delayed the Qing conquest of China proper by nearly four decades. The conquest was only completed in 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor reign (1661–1722). The Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor from the 1750s to the 1790s extended Qing control into Inner Asia. The early Qing rulers maintained their Manchu customs, and while their title was Emperor, they used "Bogd khaan" when dealing with the Mongols and they were patrons of Tibetan Buddhism. They governed using Confucian styles and institutions of bureaucratic government and retained the imperial examinations to recruit Han Chinese to work under or in parallel with Manchus. They also adapted the ideals of the tributary system in dealing with neighboring territories. During the Qianlong Emperor reign (1735–1796) the dynasty reached its apogee, but then began its initial decline in prosperity and imperial control. The population rose to some 400 millions, but taxes and government revenues were fixed at a low rate, virtually guaranteeing eventual fiscal crisis. Corruption set in, rebels tested government legitimacy, and ruling elites failed to change their mindsets in the face of changes in the world system. Following the Opium Wars, European powers imposed "unequal treaties", free trade, extraterritoriality and treaty ports under foreign control. The Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864) and the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) in Central Asia led to the deaths of some 20 million people, most of them due to famines caused by war. In spite of these disasters, in the Tongzhi Restoration of the 1860s, Han Chinese elites rallied to the defense of the Confucian order and the Qing rulers. The initial gains in the Self-Strengthening Movement were destroyed in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, in which the Qing lost its influence over Korea and the possession of Taiwan. New Armies were organized, but the ambitious Hundred Days' Reform of 1898 was turned back in a coup by the conservative Empress Dowager Cixi. When the Scramble for Concessions by foreign powers triggered the violently anti-foreign "Boxers", the foreign powers invaded China, Cixi declared war on them, leading to defeat and the flight of the Imperial Court to Xi'an. After agreeing to sign the Boxer Protocol, the government initiated unprecedented fiscal and administrative reforms, including elections, a new legal code, and abolition of the examination system. Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries competed with constitutional monarchists such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao to transform the Qing Empire into a modern nation. After the deaths of Cixi and the Guangxu Emperor in 1908, the hardline Manchu court alienated reformers and local elites alike by obstructing social reform. The Wuchang Uprisi ...
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Australia China University Leaders Forum 40th Anniversary
 
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Learning Never Ends Four decades of collaboration and research Transcript - http://www.innovation.gov.au/transcripts/Pages/ACULF.aspx
History of Chinese science | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_science_and_technology_in_China 00:01:21 1 Mo Di and the School of Names 00:04:36 2 Han Dynasty 00:06:38 3 "Four Great Inventions" 00:09:32 4 China's scientific revolution 00:11:19 4.1 Song Dynasty 00:14:08 4.1.1 Archaeology 00:15:45 4.1.2 Geology and climatology 00:16:44 4.2 Mongol transmission 00:18:25 4.3 Theory and hypothesis 00:21:36 4.4 Pharmacology 00:22:57 4.5 Horology and clockworks 00:24:51 4.6 Magnetism and metallurgy 00:26:34 4.7 Mathematics 00:27:28 4.8 Alchemy and Taoism 00:28:54 4.9 Gunpowder warfare 00:29:56 5 Jesuit activity in China 00:32:39 6 Scientific and technological stagnation 00:37:11 7 The Republic of China (1912–49) 00:38:11 8 People's Republic of China 00:40:30 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8946433687621982 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Ancient Chinese scientists and engineers made significant scientific innovations, findings and technological advances across various scientific disciplines including the natural sciences, engineering, medicine, military technology, mathematics, geology and astronomy. Among the earliest inventions were the abacus, the "shadow clock," and the first items such as Kongming lanterns. The Four Great Inventions,the compass, gunpowder, papermaking, and printing – were among the most important technological advances, only known to Europe by the end of the Middle Ages 1000 years later. The Tang Dynasty (AD 618–906) in particular was a time of great innovation. A good deal of exchange occurred between Western and Chinese discoveries up to the Qing Dynasty. The Jesuit China missions of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western science and astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution, to China, and knowledge of Chinese technology was brought to Europe. In the 19th and 20th centuries the introduction of Western technology was a major factor in the modernization of China. Much of the early Western work in the history of science in China was done by Joseph Needham.
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